FIFA ordered the team not to use the tops, but the failure was ignored, with the result that the Cameroonian team achieved six points in its 2006 World Cup qualifying campaign, a decision that was reversed later after an appeal. More successful were the tight shirts designed for the Italian national team by old football shirts the Kappa manufacturers, a style that was later imitated by other national teams and clubs. Organized club football was first played in England in the 1860s, and many teams would likely play in all available clothing, with players from the same team distinguishing themselves with colored caps or belts.
In the 1950s, kits used by players in Southern Europe and South America became much lighter, with V-necks replacing collars on shirts and synthetic fabrics replacing heavy natural fibers. Adidas introduced the first boots to be cut under the ankle in 1954 instead of the high end. Although cost twice as much as existing styles, the boots were a great success and strengthened the German company’s place on the football market. Around the same time, Adidas also developed the first boots with tube heels that could be replaced under tilting conditions. Other areas were slower to adopt new styles: British clubs resisted change again and resolutely clung to kits slightly different from those before the war, and teams from Eastern Europe continued to use kits considered obsolete elsewhere.
New designs were often exhibited in the last games of each season and appeared in club shops in the summer. For most existing modest media clubs, the annual or semi-annual introduction of new kits was a balancing act between generating revenue and alienating their loyal fan base. More than one deal was ruined because the new design was not to the taste of fans or because demand exceeded supply. Manufacturers recognize that enabling their leads has business benefits, while clubs now regularly consult their fans when choosing next season’s design. Market dynamics, however, mean that even the best designs, such as Le Coq Sportif’s impressive Carlisle United offering, have a maximum lifespan of two seasons.
The commercialization of replica kits, which reflects a bold new era of trust, exploded now and anyone who considered themselves supporters expected to appear on the game day with the current replica kit. Plastics have now been used universally, with manufacturers competing each season to glorify the remarkable properties of their latest wonder dust. Several clubs went a step further and introduced new variations in their traditional colors, making them instantly recognizable again.
In a rhythm game so fast that it relies heavily on judgment and quick skills to make player decisions, line judges and referees, it is not surprising that the FA has set out specific rules regarding the colors of football sets and officer uniforms. These rules are designed to limit the confusion caused by opponents using the same colors or similar colors, allowing anyone from officers to fans and players to judge, watch and play without interruption. When Fulham faced Hereford United in Craven Cottage in September 1976, goalkeeper Peter Mellor started the game with an admiral-made green turtleneck with two white stripes on each side and a red one on the back. Arbitrator Alan Robinson of Waterlooville ordered Mellor to change the shirt because he did not confirm League regulations, so the guards’ blouses had to be clear.
However, in 1992, clubs in the highest flight of the English league had to reconsider their choice of goalkeeper colors when the Premier League decided that their referees would turn green before the start of the new league. Although the strips for household use / distance facilities set precedents for the choice of the referee’s shirt, it was stipulated that goalkeepers should choose an alternative if it was green. The decision also saw many black kits after the rules were relaxed regarding black blouses. While most players wear soccer boots with studs (“football boots” or “clothing” in North America), the laws do not specify that they are needed. Shirts must have sleeves and goalkeepers must wear shirts that are easy to distinguish from all other players and match officials.